A Theory of Justice
Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice has become a classic. The author has now revised …
Since it appeared in 1971, John Rawls's A Theory of Justice has become a classic. The author has now revised the original edition to clear up a number of difficulties he and others have found in the original book. Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition-justice as fairness-and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. "Each person," writes Rawls, "possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override."… Read more →n
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This book is a revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1971 by Harvard University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Rawls...
THE MAIN IDEA OF THE THEORY OF JUSTICE They are the principles that free and rational persons concerned to further their own interests would accept in an initial position of equality as defining the fundamental terms of their association.
Therefore in a just society the liberties of equal citizenship are taken as settled; the rights secured by justice are not subject to political bargaining or to the calculus...
tion of "justice as fairness," Rawls explores in depth the nature of an entirely just society seen in the perspective of contractarian fairness. Rawls's investigation...