Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy

By Steven Barbone (Author)

Does the existence of evil call into doubt the existence of God? Show me the argument. Philosophy starts with questions, …

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Does the existence of evil call into doubt the existence of God? Show me the argument. Philosophy starts with questions, but attempts at answers are just as important, and these answers require reasoned argument. Cutting through dense philosophical prose, 100 famous and influential arguments are presented in their essence, with premises, conclusions and logical form plainly identified. Key quotations provide a sense of style and approach. Just the Arguments is an invaluable one-stop argument shop. A concise, formally structured summation of 100 of the most important arguments in Western philosophyThe first book of its kind to present the most important and influential philosophical arguments in a clear premise/conclusion format, the language that philosophers use and students are expected to knowOffers succinct expositions of key philosophical arguments without bogging them down in commentaryTranslates difficult texts to core argumentsDesigned to provides a quick and compact reference to everything from Aquinas’ “Five Ways” to prove the existence of God, to the metaphysical possibilities of a zombie worldVisit, the editor's site for students, teachers, researchers, and fans of philosophyContent: Chapter 1 Aquinas' Five Ways (pages 7–17): Timothy J. PawlChapter 2 The Contingency Cosmological Argument (pages 18–21): Mark T. NelsonChapter 3 The Kalam Argument for the Existence of God (pages 22–24): Harry LesserChapter 4 The Ontological Argument (pages 25–27): Sara L. UckelmanChapter 5 Pascal's Wager (pages 28–31): Leslie BurkholderChapter 6 James' will to believe Argument (pages 32–34): A. T. FyfeChapter 7 The Problem of Evil (pages 35–36): Michael Bruce and Steven BarboneChapter 8 The free will Defense to the Problem of Evil (pages 37–39): Grant SterlingChapter 9 St. Anselm on Free Choice and the Power to Sin (pages 40–43): Julia HermannChapter 10 Hume's Argument against Miracles (pages 44–48): Tommaso PiazzaChapter 11 The Euthyphro Dilemma (pages 49–51): David BaggettChapter 12 Nietzsche's Death of God (pages 52–56): Tom GrimwoodChapter 13 Ockham's Razor (pages 57–58): Grant SterlingChapter 14 Parmenides' Refutation of Change (pages 59–63): Adrian BardonChapter 15 McTaggart's Argument against the Reality of Time (pages 64–67): M. Joshua MozerskyChapter 16 Berkeley's Master Argument for Idealism (pages 68–69): John M. DePoeChapter 17 Kant's Refutation of Idealism (pages 70–72): Adrian BardonChapter 18 The Master Argument of Diodorus Cronus (pages 73–75): Ludger JansenChapter 19 Lewis' Argument for Possible Worlds (pages 76–78): David Vander LaanChapter 20 A Reductionist Account of Personal Identity (pages 79–85): Fauve LybaertChapter 21 Split?Case Arguments about Personal Identity (pages 86–87): Ludger JansenChapter 22 The Ship of Theseus (pages 88–89): Ludger JansenChapter 23 The Problem of Temporary Intrinsics (pages 90–92): Montserrat BordesChapter 24 A Modern Modal Argument for the Soul (pages 93–98): Rafal Urbaniak and Agnieszka RostalskaChapter 25 Two Arguments for the Harmlessness of Death (pages 99–101): Steven Luper and Nicolas BommaritoChapter 26 The Existence of Forms: Plato's Argument from the Possibility of Knowledge (pages 102–105): Jurgis (George) BrakasChapter 27 Plato, Aristotle, and the Third Man Argument (pages 106–110): Jurgis (George) BrakasChapter 28 Logical Monism (pages 111–114): Luis Estrada?GonzalezChapter 29 The Maximality Paradox (pages 115–118): Nicola CiprottiChapter 30 An Argument for Free Will (pages 119–120): Gerald HarrisonChapter 31 Frankfurt's Refutation of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities (pages 121–122): Gerald HarrisonChapter 32 Van Inwagen's Consequence Argument against Compatibilism (pages 123–124): Grant SterlingChapter 33 Fatalism (pages 125–127): Fernando Migura and Agustin ArrietaChapter 34 Sartre's Argument for Freedom (pages 128–130): Jeffrey GordonChapter 35 The Cogito Arguments of Descartes and Augustine (pages 131–136): Joyce Lazier and Brett GaulChapter 36 The Cartesian Dreaming Argument for External?World Skepticism (pages 137–141): Stephen HetheringtonChapter 37 The Transparency of Experience Argument (pages 142–145): Carlos M. Munoz?SuarezChapter 38 The Regress Argument for Skepticism (pages 146–151): Scott AikinChapter 39 Moore's Anti?Skeptical Arguments (pages 152–153): Matthew FriseChapter 40 The Bias Paradox (pages 154–155): Deborah HeikesChapter 41 Gettier's Argument against the Traditional Account of Knowledge (pages 156–158): John M. DePoeChapter 42 Putnam's Argument against Cultural Imperialism (pages 159–161): Maria CaamanoChapter 43 Davidson on the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme (pages 162–168): George WrisleyChapter 44 Quine's Two Dogmas of Empiricism (pages 169–173): Robert SinclairChapter 45 Hume and the Problem of Induction (pages 174–179): James E. Taylor and Stefanie RocknakChapter 46 Argument by Analogy in Thales and Anaximenes (pages 180–182): Giannis StamatellosChapter 47 Quine's Epistemology Naturalized (pages 183–187): Robert SinclairChapter 48 Sellars and the Myth of the given (pages 188–192): Willem A. deVriesChapter 49 Sellars' “Rylean Myth” (pages 193–197): Willem A. deVriesChapter 50 Aristotle and the Argument to End all Arguments (pages 198–200): Toni Vogel CareyChapter 51 Justice Brings Happiness in Plato's Republic (pages 201–207): Joshua I. WeinsteinChapter 52 Aristotle's Function Argument (pages 208–210): Sean McAleerChapter 53 Aristotle's Argument that Goods are Irreducible (pages 211–213): Jurgis (George) BrakasChapter 54 Aristotle's Argument for Perfectionism (pages 214–216): Eric J. SilvermanChapter 55 Categorical Imperative as the Source for Morality (pages 217–220): Joyce LazierChapter 56 Kant on why Autonomy Deserves Respect (pages 221–222): Mark PiperChapter 57 Mill's Proof of Utilitarianism (pages 223–228): A. T. FyfeChapter 58 The Experience Machine Objection to Hedonism (pages 229–231): Dan WeijersChapter 59 The Error Theory Argument (pages 232–236): Robert L. MuhlnickelChapter 60 Moore's Open Question Argument (pages 237–239): Bruno VerbeekChapter 61 Wolff's Argument for the Rejection of State Authority (pages 240–241): Ben SaundersChapter 62 Nozick's Taxation is Forced Labor Argument (pages 242–243): Jason WallerChapter 63 Charity is Obligatory (pages 244–246): Joakim SandbergChapter 64 The Repugnant Conclusion (pages 247–248): Joakim SandbergChapter 65 Taurek on Numbers don't Count (pages 249–250): Ben SaundersChapter 66 Parfit's Leveling down Argument against Egalitarianism (pages 251–253): Ben SaundersChapter 67 Nozick's Wilt Chamberlain Argument (pages 254–257): Fabian WendtChapter 68 Liberal Feminism (pages 258–262): Julinna C. OxleyChapter 69 Moral Status of Animals from Marginal Cases (pages 263–264): Julia TannerChapter 70 The Ethical Vegetarianism Argument (pages 265–268): Robert L. MuhlnickelChapter 71 Thomson and the Famous Violinist (pages 269–272): Leslie BurkholderChapter 72 Marquis and the Immorality of Abortion (pages 273–274): Leslie BurkholderChapter 73 Tooley on Abortion and Infanticide (pages 275–276): Ben SaundersChapter 74 Rachels on Euthanasia (pages 277–280): Leslie BurkholderChapter 75 Leibniz' Argument for Innate Ideas (pages 281–289): Byron KaldisChapter 76 Descartes' Arguments for the Mind–Body Distinction (pages 290–296): Dale JacquetteChapter 77 Princess Elisabeth and the Mind–Body Problem (pages 297–300): Jen McWeenyChapter 78 Kripke's Argument for Mind–Body Property Dualism (pages 301–303): Dale JacquetteChapter 79 The Argument from Mental Causation for Physicalism (pages 304–307): Amir HorowitzChapter 80 Davidson's Argument for Anomalous Monism (pages 308–310): Amir HorowitzChapter 81 Putnam's Multiple Realization Argument against Type?Physicalism (pages 311–313): Amir HorowitzChapter 82 The Supervenience Argument against Non?Reductive Physicalism (pages 314–317): Andrew RussoChapter 83 Ryle's Argument against Cartesian Internalism (pages 318–319): Agustin Arrieta and Fernando MiguraChapter 84 Jackson's Knowledge Argument (pages 320–323): Amir HorowitzChapter 85 Nagel's “What is it like to be a Bat” Argument against Physicalism (pages 324–326): Amy KindChapter 86 Chalmer's Zombie Argument (pages 327–329): Amy KindChapter 87 The Argument from Revelation (pages 330–333): Carlos M. Munoz?SuarezChapter 88 Searle and the Chinese Room Argument (pages 334–336): Leslie BurkholderChapter 89 Sir Karl Popper's Demarcation Argument (pages 337–340): Liz Stillwaggon SwanChapter 90 Kuhn's Incommensurability Arguments (pages 341–343): Liz Stillwaggon Swan and Michael BruceChapter 91 Putnam's no Miracles Argument (pages 344–345): Liz Stillwaggon SwanChapter 92 Galileo's Falling Bodies (pages 346–347): Liz Stillwaggon SwanChapter 93 Eliminative Materialism (pages 348–349): Charlotte BleaseChapter 94 Wittgenstein's Private Language Argument (pages 350–354): George WrisleyChapter 95 Fodor's Argument for Linguistic Nativism (pages 355–358): Majid AminiChapter 96 Fodor and the Impossibility of Learning (pages 359–361): Majid AminiChapter 97 Quine on the Indeterminacy of Translation (pages 362–366): Robert SinclairChapter 98 Davidson's Argument for the Principle of Charity (pages 367–369): Maria CaamanoChapter 99 Frege's Argument for Platonism (pages 370–372): Ivan KasaChapter 100 Mathematical Platonism (pages 373–375): Nicolas Pain

Language: english
ISBN 13: 9781444344431
Year: 2008
Pages: 414
File Type: PDF

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